In the UK we are largely limited to 2 providers, BT OpenReach and Virgin. Both of these options are substandard compared to many other countries broadband infrastructures. In the UK both BT and Virgin use fibre to the cabinet then connect your house either with copper or coaxial.
The best speed your average user can get is 200Mbps down and 20 up via Virgin. You will also find that many users complain about significant drop-offs in speed due to congestion.
The dream solution is fibre direct to premises and this is becoming increasingly common in Europe, Asia and even the USA. In fact, our broadband is so bad we are ranked 31st in the world trailing most of Europe, Thailand and New Zealand. It is not like we have a great deal of land to cover compared to most of these other countries either!
There is some promising news though, CityFibre has rolled out Fibre to the Home (FTTH) in some major cities, offering lucky users true Gigabit connections. They originally started in York, but now have installations across 27 cities.
Now Vodafone has teamed up with CityFibre to accelerate this rollout and to acquire exclusive rights to sell their product. This exclusivity deal will allow CityFibre to provide Gigabit-capable fibre to up to five million UK homes and businesses by 2025.
The first phase of construction would connect up to one million premises and is due to begin in the first half of 2018. Both companies expect that to take roughly three years to complete. Once that is complete, they would seek to extend the terms to connect a further four million over the following four years.