Nanotechnology and the use of micro and nanofibers has come a long way since its initial application in the production of fabrics and materials for clothing. The advances in how this technology is being used across a huge range of sectors is providing so many benefits to the world.
With extensive academic research in the field, we are now seeing nanomaterials used in medicine, pharmaceuticals, filtration, energy storage and much more more. Made even easier by the tried and tested electrospinning machine manufacturing of nanomaterials has never been more versatile for manufacturers.
Electrospinning has huge potential for a wide range of sectors
The versatility of nanotechnology and the range of properties that can be processed into the finished product with the different raw materials that can be used means thatm ore and more industries are investing in the research and technology needed. We are already seeing amazing advances across the following sectors:
Nutraceuticals: the packaging and delivery of nutrition and pharmaceuticals
Biotechnology: used in the creation of artificial body tissue that can bond with living cells
Food packaging: which can help increase the longevity of food products
Delivery of medicine: Through implantation of slow release medicine into the body
Protective clothing: To prevent toxic materials from causing injury to workers
With so many different ways of using the technology, the requirements for different fields is as varied as the uses of the materials produced. This means that the electrospinning machines need to be adaptable to each type of laboratory or production line in size and ability to process the raw materials safely and to the highest quality standards.
Manufacturers are able to set up production quickly and easily
With electrospinning now the best method of producing nanomaterials, manufacturers have realised that the investment and set up of nano material production is far less than for more traditional lines of manufacturing.
The machinery is typically compact and light, and despite the highly technical process involved at a molecular level, the design is simple, capable of many formulations and has a simple to use interface for operators.
The machinery is also safe for use, with built in safety features and the ability to remove any toxic gases created during the production process.
The equipment is also scalable for mass manufacturing, and training technicians to operate is quick and efficient.
How electrospinning creates nanomaterials
Electrospinning uses an electrical force against polymer melts to pull it into charged threads. First a solution is prepared of polymers, solvents and other components and chain entanglement takes place.
When this solution is fed through capillaries with a high voltage applied it creates a jet which can be whipped and stretched into fibers, and the solvent evaporates. The now dry fiber can be formed into the required material.
It is in the first steps of preparing a solution that can make all the difference. Because it is possible to carry out the process on such a wide range of raw materials, including metals and ceramics, this is what can produce an end product that has so many different potential uses.
Take for example the creation of artificial skin grafts, or protective barriers for organs or in hernia surgery. In order to meld with living tissue the graft must have very specific properties. Three dimensional structures need to be created the encourages acceptance by the body and allows for cell growth. It must allow migration of cells and the formation of blood vessels.
These properties are very different from, for example, air filtration systems. Yet both require flawless execution at a molecular level in order to correctly work.